4 types of brick explained

Whether you’re building or remodelling, the choice of facing brick always determines the final look. The right colour, size, and texture of the brick that you choose will give your home the look and feel that you’re after. But it’s the composition of the clay, and the baking process, that determine how a brick looks. We explain 4 types of brick and their baking processes.

Hand-form: the grained brick

As the name suggests , hand-form bricks were once made by hand .Today, the process is carried  out by a machine that mimics the traditional hand-forming technique. The machine rolls the clay into a carpet of sand, before inserting it into a mould. This creates folds that, after the baking process, give that typical, grained structure that is unique to hand-form bricks. See the video and learn more about the production process for hand-form bricks.

Hand-form bricks

Waterstruck: a lightly structured brick

The name of this special moulding technique refers to the use of (atomised) water. The machine immediately wets the clay to give the brick a special, lightly structured texture. The visible surface of a waterstruck brick is not smooth, but has slight striping.

Waterstruck bricks

Waterstruck: a lightly structured brick

Wirecut: a smooth and angular brick

In contrast to the hand-form and moulded brick, the wirecut brick is not placed into a mould or compressed. Instead, the machine presses the clay into a long bar and cuts it to the size of bricks. The machine can be equipped with different nozzles and cutting benches, allowing you to cut the bricks into different shapes and sizes. A wirecut brick is usually smooth and angular . During the production process, the forms can be worked with a roller to give them a special structure.

Wirecut bricks

Wirecut: a smooth and angular brick

Aged bricks

This is a patented forming process unique to Vandersanden, and an addition to the hand-form technique. After the drying process, the unbaked facing bricks are given extra pigments on the visible surface before being tumbled to give them that aged look. This gives the ageing a more natural appearance and makes an aged brick look like two droplets of water on a reused brick. A major advantage is that this technique takes place before baking, giving you the same quality guarantees (CE, Benor, etc.) as for our other hand-form bricks.

Aged bricks

Aged bricks

Vandersanden would be happy to work with you to identify a solution

We have evolved over more than 90 years to become Europe’s largest family-operated brick producer. We offer a wide range of bricks in different colours, sizes, and structures. All of our facing bricks and façade solutions satisfy the quality standard and sustainability requirements. If you need advice on aesthetic choices, technical issues, or complex challenges, then please do not hesitate to get in touch. Vandersanden would be happy to work with you to find a solution! 

 Discover our wide range of facing bricks and find the ideal facing brick for your project. Whether you’re looking for hand-form, water-struck, or extruded facing bricks, the range is extensive. View and try out your favourites at one of our showrooms, and ask any questions you might have. Need a little inspiration first? 

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Vandersanden

Riemsterweg 300
BE-3740 Bilzen (Spouwen)

T +32 (0)89 51 01 40
E info@vandersanden.com
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